Mediation in Turkish Law

A legislation in mediation which has been awaited since long time in Turkey has entered into force in 2013 and regulates the terms and conditions for mediators and mediation. This law has been brought into force within the frame of harmonization of Turkish laws with the EU legislation. Accordingly, only the persons which fulfill the requirements stated by the Mediation Law may practice the profession as mediator.

In Turkish law system, the use of this alternative dispute resolution may be decided by the parties freely and they are subject to equal terms and conditions during the whole mediation process ("equality principle"). Moreover, mediation may be used only for civil cases, whereas the cases which include the claims regarding family violence are not subject to the mediation. In accordance with the above mentioned EU-Directive, this Law is applicable also to the civil cases involving a foreign element.